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ActionfigureJoe

Wealth concentration near ‘levels last seen during the Roaring Twenties,’ study finds

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The shift is eroding security from families in the lower and middle classes, who rely on their small stores to finance retirement and to smooth over shocks like the loss of a job. And it's consolidating power in the hands of billionaires, who are increasingly using their riches to purchase political influence.

The 400 richest Americans – the top 0.00025 percent of the population – have tripled their share of the nation’s wealth since the early 1980s, according to a new working paper on wealth inequality by University of California at Berkeley economist Gabriel Zucman.

Those 400 Americans own more of the country’s riches than the 150 million adults in the bottom 60 percent of the wealth distribution, who saw their share of the nation’s wealth fall from 5.7 percent in 1987 to 2.1 percent in 2014, according to the World Inequality Database maintained by Zucman and others.

Overall, Zucman finds that “U.S. wealth concentration seems to have returned to levels last seen during the Roaring Twenties.” That shift is eroding security from families in the lower and middle classes, who rely on their small stores of wealth to finance their retirement and to smooth over economic shocks like the loss of a job. And it’s consolidating power in the hands of the nation’s billionaires, who are increasingly using their riches to purchase political influence.

Zucman, who advised Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., on a recent proposal to tax high levels of wealth, warns that these numbers may actually understate the amount of wealth concentrated in the hands of the rich: It has become more difficult to account for the true wealth of the ultra-rich in recent decades, in part because many hide their assets in offshore tax shelters.

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Wealth, here, is roughly synonymous with net worth: the value of everything that a family owns, minus the value of any debt. Assets such as homes, land, rental properties, stock holdings, business equity and bank accounts are included.

The definition excludes personal possessions like cars and furniture. They’re difficult to measure, don’t produce income and would amount to a tiny fraction of the nation’s net worth if they were included, according to Zucman.

For illustrative purposes, consider a person who owns a $250,000 house with $200,000 in outstanding mortgage debt. She also has $5,000 in her bank account and $25,000 in a 401(k). That person has a net worth of $80,000, a figure derived from the sum of all her assets ($250,000 + $5,000 + $25,000) minus the sum of all her debts ($200,000). That $80,000 puts her close to the national median of household net worth, according to previous research by Edward N. Wolff of New York University.

American wealth is highly unevenly distributed, much more so than income. According to Zucman’s latest calculations, today the top 0.1 percent of the population has captured nearly 20 percent of the nation’s wealth, giving them a greater slice of the American pie than the bottom 80 percent of the population combined. That bottom 80 percent figure includes the 1 in 5 American households that has either zero or negative wealth, meaning that its debts are greater than or equal to its assets. According to NYU’s Wolff, the share of U.S. households with zero or negative wealth has risen by roughly one-third since 1983, when it was 15.5 percent.

The top 10 percent of individuals, meanwhile, own more than 70 percent of the nation’s wealth, more than twice the amount owned by the bottom 90 percent. The top 10 percent have increased their share of wealth by about 10 percentage points since the early 1980s, with a concomitant decline in the share of wealth owned by everyone else. In some ways, Zucman finds, the distribution of wealth in the United States more closely resembles the situation in Russia and China than in other advanced democracies such as the United Kingdom and France.

Several caveats to this discussion are in order. First, a person with negative net worth is not necessarily penniless. A number of the households in the negative-net-worth bucket may be young professionals, like doctors or lawyers, starting off their careers with large amounts of student debt. This is not necessarily a problem if their high earnings ultimately erase their debt and catapult them into the upper reaches of the wealth spectrum later in their careers.

But young, high-earning professionals account for a minority of negative-net-worth families. The 2016 Survey of Consumer Finances, for instance, shows that roughly 40 percent of families in the bottom quartile of net worth had an outstanding student loan balance of any kind. High-earning professionals probably account for just a fraction of that 40 percent.

Second, rising wealth inequality may not necessarily be a zero-sum game: The rich gobbling up a larger share of the national wealth pie may not be a problem if there’s still more pie left for everyone else, relative to several years or decades ago. There’s good reason to suspect that this may be the case for income: While incomes at the top have risen dramatically over the past few decades, incomes in the middle have risen, too, albeit much more slowly.

But the same dynamic is not occurring with household wealth. According to Wolff, the median household wealth in the United States in 2016 ($78,100) was slightly lower, in inflation-adjusted dollars, than it was three decades ago in 1983 ($80,000). Over the same time period, the average wealth of the top 1 percent of households more than doubled, from $10.6 million to $26.4 million.

The wealthy are becoming wealthier, in other words, and there’s good reason to think it’s happening at the expense of everyone else. As Zucman notes, this has very different implications for different groups of people. “For everybody except the rich,” he writes, wealth’s “main function is to provide security.” Middle-class families tend to use their wealth to save for rainy-day expenses or to draw down on for retirement.

But “for the rich, wealth begets power,” according to Zucman. Our electoral system is highly dependent on outside financing, creating numerous opportunities for the wealthy to convert their money into influence and tip the political scales in their favor. As a result, politicians have become accustomed to playing close attention to the interests of the wealthy and passing policies that reflect them, even in cases where public opinion is strongly trending in the opposite direction.

“Wealth concentration may help explain the lack of redistributive responses to the rise of inequality observed since the 1980s,” Zucman writes. The interplay between money and power, in other words, may be self-reinforcing: The wealthy use their money to buy political power, and they use some of that power to protect their money.

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5 minutes ago, motonoggin said:

This is fine

It’s self correcting. And it’s coming.

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6 minutes ago, ActionfigureJoe said:

It’s self correcting. And it’s coming.

It'll be poor people's fault for letting the rich get so rich. 

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7 minutes ago, motonoggin said:

It'll be poor people's fault for letting the rich get so rich. 

And the Negroes and Caravans that came here to rob and plunder Americans. 

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$80,000.00 is the average household net worth?  That’s brutal. 

One uninsured medical issue and they are fucked. 

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Tent cities in the younger guys here future.

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Why do you guys hate rich people? :lol:

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48 minutes ago, Anler said:

Why do you guys hate rich people? :lol:

They hate everyone.

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Get off your lazy asses and live the American dream.

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2 hours ago, ArcticCrusher said:

Get off your lazy asses and live the American dream.

Ok. A young couple both factory workers who have nothing want to live the American dream. They can’t afford school and want to run their own business. 

The people that always defend the status quo say they should start their own business. 

Average factory pay is. 11.53/hr. 

 https://www.indeed.com/salaries/Factory-Worker-Salaries

average house price in the US  $390,000.00  

Around 50 years ago you could buy and pay for a house, have some savings, then use that equity and savings to start a business  all in less than 10 years  

let’s see how these people can live the dream. Draw up a budget  

 

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2 hours ago, ArcticCrusher said:

Get off your lazy asses and live the American dream.

That's pretty much it.  I know plenty that got where they are with limited brain power and just good old fashioned drive and hard work.  It's not going to be brought to your doorstep wrapped in a pretty bow...contrary to what many think and/or would like to believe.

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5 minutes ago, revkevsdi said:

Ok. A young couple both factory workers who have nothing want to live the American dream. They can’t afford school and want to run their own business. 

The people that always defend the status quo say they should start their own business. 

Average factory pay is. 11.53/hr. 

 https://www.indeed.com/salaries/Factory-Worker-Salaries

average house price in the US  $390,000.00  

Around 50 years ago you could buy and pay for a house, have some savings, then use that equity and savings to start a business  all in less than 10 years  

let’s see how these people can live the dream. Draw up a budget  

 

There are plenty of places you can buy a place for way less than 390k. And rent is cheaper. Start there.

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6 minutes ago, revkevsdi said:

Ok. A young couple both factory workers who have nothing want to live the American dream. They can’t afford school and want to run their own business. 

The people that always defend the status quo say they should start their own business. 

Average factory pay is. 11.53/hr. 

 https://www.indeed.com/salaries/Factory-Worker-Salaries

average house price in the US  $390,000.00  

Around 50 years ago you could buy and pay for a house, have some savings, then use that equity and savings to start a business  all in less than 10 years  

let’s see how these people can live the dream. Draw up a budget  

 

DAF.

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2 minutes ago, Edmo said:

There are plenty of places you can buy a place for way less than 390k. And rent is cheaper. Start there.

Look!  FUCK YOU!!! I can "win" any argument by plugging in the numbers I want!!!!!!

:lol: 

What a simple.

"Average house price is 390k and average factory worker salary is $11.00 hour....find how far X needs to travel to get to Y, then divide for C....I WIN!!!!"  :lol: 

 

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I'm sure it will start to trickle down any time now 

Fucking morons

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2 minutes ago, f7ben said:

I'm sure it will start to trickle down any time now 

Fucking morons

You just shut up and keep making your $11.00/hr!!!!!  :lmao: 

Oh....not making that?  You probably just got lucky then...it wasn't your drive or want for nicer things in life.  You prolly don't answer the phone when they call or slack at work and give them all kinds of grief.  I bet you don't put in the extra bit it takes because you have pride in your name and your work.

Yeah....you know that/those slackers you and you buds at work laugh about...and probably have to constantly fix their mistakes?  They deserve every bit as much as you.  I'm right!  I know it.

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2 minutes ago, Zambroski said:

You just shut up and keep making your $11.00/hr!!!!!  :lmao: 

Oh....not making that?  You probably just got lucky then...it wasn't your drive or want for nicer things in life.  You prolly don't answer the phone when they call or slack at work and give them all kinds of grief.  I bet you don't put in the extra bit it takes because you have pride in your name and your work.

Yeah....you know that/those slackers you and you buds at work laugh about...and probably have to constantly fix their mistakes?  They deserve every bit as much as you.  I'm right!  I know it.

I was lucky to get where I'm at.....not much more than that. I was born white to a stable family environment and in a geographic area where middle class income is relatively common....couple that with slightly above average intelligence and bam. Middle class

Pretty fucking simple to admit it you arent a mouth breathing retard

Edited by f7ben

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1 minute ago, f7ben said:

I was lucky to get where I'm at.....not much more than that. I was born white to a stable family environment and in a geographic area where middle class income is relatively common....couple that with slightly above average intelligence and bam. Middle class

Pretty fucking simple to admit it you arent a mouth breathing retard

Yep.  All luck then.  Do you thank God?  

Image result for tebow thanking god

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8 minutes ago, Zambroski said:

You just shut up and keep making your $11.00/hr!!!!!  :lmao: 

Oh....not making that?  You probably just got lucky then...it wasn't your drive or want for nicer things in life.  You prolly don't answer the phone when they call or slack at work and give them all kinds of grief.  I bet you don't put in the extra bit it takes because you have pride in your name and your work.

Yeah....you know that/those slackers you and you buds at work laugh about...and probably have to constantly fix their mistakes?  They deserve every bit as much as you.  I'm right!  I know it.

Jesus just shut the fuck up will you.

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14 hours ago, Anler said:

Why do you guys hate rich people? :lol:

I’m all for the ongoing escalation of wealth concentration. It’s great. 

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3 minutes ago, Zambroski said:

Yep.  All luck then.  Do you thank God?  

Image result for tebow thanking god

I post things that should make people like you think. You post things that make people like me think you're a fucking moron. Try harder

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Just now, Mainecat said:

Jesus just shut the fuck up will you.

Me being here is hard for you.  I get that.  Imagine meeting me in person.  :lol:

 

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1 minute ago, f7ben said:

I post things that should make people like you think. You post things that make people like me think you're a fucking moron. Try harder

I can't believe he hasn't just suck started a shotgun yet. I would've if I were him.

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9 minutes ago, motonoggin said:

I can't believe he hasn't just suck started a shotgun yet. I would've if I were him.

Look at the responses in this thread alone. He fuckin rambles like he thinks the more words he types the smarter people think he is.

Fuck

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